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Geography Summaries
United States

U.S. State Geography Guide
by Vaughn Aubuchon

The following list summarizes the primary geographic features of each state, including the capitol, date admitted to the union, area in square miles, population density, highest elevation, lowest elevation, and state height and width in miles.
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U.S. State Geography Guide

Area
2001 Population

Date
Admit.

State

Abr.

Capitol

(sq. miles)

(rank)

(millions)

(rank)

Dens.
P/sm
# of
Reps.

Highest
Point (ft.)

Height (miles)

Width
(miles)

1819

Alabama

AL

Montgomery

50,766

28

3.9

22

77
7

2,407

330

200

1959

Alaska

AK

Juneau

570,833

1

0.4

50

1
1

20,320

1,332

2,250

1912

Arizona

AZ

Phoenix

133,510

6

2.7

29

20
8

12,633

390

335

1836

Arkansas

AR

Little Rock

53,187

27

2.3

33

43
4

2,753

240

275

1850

California

CA

Sacramento

156,297

3

23.7

1

152
53

14,494

800

375

1876

Colorado

CO

Denver

103,598

8

2.9

28

28
7

14,433

270

380

1788

Connect.

CT

Hartford

4,872

48

3.1

25

636
5

2,380

110

70

1787

Delaware

DE

Dover

1,933

49

0.6

47

310
1

448

96

35

1845

Florida

FL

Tallahassee

54,157

26

9.7

7

179
25

345

460

400

1788

Georgia

GA

Atlanta

58,060

21

5.5

13

95
13

4,784

315

250

1959

Hawaii

HI

Honolulu

6,427

47

0.9

39

140
2

13,796

na

1,523

1890

Idaho

ID

Boise

82,413

11

0.9

41

11
2

12,662

480

305

1818

Illinois

IL

Springfield

55,646

24

11.4

5

205
19

1,235

380

205

1816

Indiana

IN

Indianapolis

35,936

38

5.5

12

153
9

1,257

265

160

1846

Iowa

IA

Des Moines

55,965

23

2.9

27

52
5

1,670

205

310

1861

Kansas

KS

Topeka

81,783

13

2.4

32

29
4

4,039

205

410

1792

Kentucky

KY

Frankfort

39,674

37

3.7

23

93
6

4,145

175

350

1812

Louisiana

LA

Baton Rouge

44,520

33

4.2

19

94
7

535

275

300

1820

Maine

ME

Augusta

30,995

39

1.1

38

35
2

5,268

310

210

1788

Maryland

MD

Annapolis

9,838

42

4.2

18

427
8

3,360

250

90

1788

Massachus.

MA

Boston

7,826

45

5.7

11

728
10

3,491

110

190

1837

Michigan

MI

Lansing

56,959

22

9.3

8

163
15

1,979

400

310

1858

Minnesota

MN

St. Paul

79,548

14

4.1

21

52
8

2,301

400

350

1817

Mississippi

MS

Jackson

47,234

31

2.5

31

53
4

806

340

180

1821

Missouri

MO

Jefferson City

68,945

18

4.9

15

71
9

1,772

280

300

1889

Montana

MT

Helena

145,388

4

0.8

44

6
1

12,799

315

570

1867

Nebraska

NE

Lincoln

76,639

15

1.6

35

21
3

5,426

210

415

1864

Nevada

NV

Carson City

109,895

7

0.8

43

7
3

13,143

485

315

1788

New Hampshire

NH

Concord

8,992

44

0.9

42

100
2

6,288

190

70

1787

New Jersey

NJ

Trenton

7,468

46

7.3

9

978
13

1,803

166

70

1912

New Mexico

NM

Santa Fe

121,336

5

1.3

37

11
3

13,161

390

350

1788

New York

NY

Albany

47,379

30

17.6

2

371
29

5,344

310

330

1789

N. Carolina

NC

Raleigh

48,843

29

5.9

10

121
13

6,684

200

520

1889

North Dakota

ND

Bismarck

69,299

17

0.6

46

9
1

3,506

210

360

1803

Ohio

OH

Columbus

41,004

35

10.8

6

263
18

1,550

230

205

1907

Oklahoma

OK

Oklahoma City

68,656

19

3

26

44
5

4,973

210

460

1859

Oregon

OR

Salem

96,187

10

2.6

30

27
5

11,239

290

375

1787

Pennsylvania

PA

Harrisburg

44,892

32

11.9

4

265
19

3,213

180

310

1790

Rhode Island

RI

Providence

1,054

50

0.9

40

854
2

812

40

30

1788

S. Carolina

SC

Columbia

30,207

40

3.1

24

103
6

3,560

215

285

1889

S. Dakota

SD

Pierre

75,956

16

0.7

45

9
1

7,242

240

360

1796

Tennessee

TN

Nashville

41,154

34

4.6

17

112
9

6,643

120

430

1845

Texas

TX

Austin

262,015

2

14.2

3

54
32

8,749

710

760

1896

Utah

UT

Salt Lake City

82,076

12

1.5

36

18
3

13,528

345

275

1791

Vermont

VT

Montpelier

9,273

43

0.5

48

54
1

4,393

160

80

1788

Virginia

VA

Richmond

39,700

36

5.3

14

134
11

5,729

200

430

1889

Washington

WA

Olympia

66,512

20

4.1

20

62
9

14,410

230

340

1863

West Virginia

WV

Charlston

24,124

41

1.9

34

79
3

4,861

240

130

1848

Wisconsin

WI

Madison

54,424

25

4.7

16

86
8

1,951

300

290

1890

Wyoming

WY

Cheyenne

96,988

9

0.5

49

5
1

13,804

275

365

13

Original Colonies

3,560,383

225.59

435

50

100 - 790

50

100

80

50

50

50

50

50

60

50

50


Disclaimer: I hope there are no errors.

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This Vaughns US State Geography Summary page
was last updated on 2017-10-25.