Vaughn's Summaries logo Vaughn's Summaries

Food Summaries
Amino Acids

Amino Acids Summary Table
by Vaughn Aubuchon

The following amino acid summary chart lists the 8 Essential amino acids, as well as the 12 Non-essential amino acids, along with amino acid symbol, amino acid abbreviation, acid or base, number of pathways, etc.

Other important amino acid precursors are also listed, plus their pathways.

-

300

140


    Essential Amino Acids

(Body CANNOT make these amino acids,
they must come from food or amino acid supplements.)

 Amino Acid

Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Augments
1

 Isoleucine*

I
Ile
10
n

 1 - threonine --> isoleucine

-

-

muscles

2

 Leucine*

L
Leu
14
n

 1 - keto-isovalerate --> leucine

-

-

blood, muscle, hormone

3

 Lysine

K
Lys
12

B

 2 - asparate --> lysine

-

calcium

herpes,
triglycerides

4

 Methionine

M
Met
13
n

 7 - homoserine --> methionine

cysteine

selenium, zinc

hair, skin,
chelator

5

 Phenylalanine

F
Phe
14
n

 3 - chorismate --> phenylalanine

tyrosine

B6

depression

6

 Threonine

T
Thr
7
N

 3 - aspartate --> threonine

glycine,
serine

-

collagen,
tooth enamel

7

 Tryptophan

W
Trp
3.5
n

 1 - chorismate --> tryptophan

niacin,
seratonin

-

depression

8

 Valine*

V
Val
10
n

 1 - pyruvate --> valine

-

-

muscles

          Food Sources: Fish - meat - poultry - cottage cheese - peanuts - lentils
          A= acid, B= base, N= Neutral, n= non-polar
          *= BCAA, Branched-Chain Amino Acids, all important in muscle recovery

-


    
Non-Essential
    Amino Acids

(The body CAN make these amino acids from the above essential amino acids.)

 Amino Acid

Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Augments
1

 Alanine

A
Ala

-

n

 4 - valine pyruvate --> alanine

-

-

-

2

 Arginine*

R
Arg

-

B

 4 - citrulline --> arginine

polyamines, creatine

zinc (lysine)

immune, healing, muscles

3

 Asparagine

N
Asn

-

N

 3 - asparate and ammonia

-

-

CNS

4

 Aspartic Acid

D
Asp

-

A

 3 - glutamate --> aspartate

-

-

CNS, brain

5

 Cysteine

C
Cys

-

N

 4 - serine --> cysteine

homocysteine, taurine

B6, Vit.E

skin, hair

6

 Glutamic Acid

E
Glu

-

A

 3 - ketoglutarate --> glutamate

glutamine,
GABA

B6

brain

7

 Glutamine

Q
Gln

-

N

 2 - glutamate --> glutamine

-

-

brain

8

 Glycine

G
Gly

-

N

 2 - serine --> glycine

glutathione

GABA, taurine

body protein

9

 Histidine*

H
His

-

B

 1 - histidinol --> histidine

histamine

-

blood,
allergy, sex

10

 Proline

P
Pro

-

n

 4 - l-glutamine --> proline

hydroxyproline

Vitamin C

collagen, elastin

11

 Serine

S
Ser

-

N

 1 - phosphoglycerate --> serine

cysteine,
glycine

choline

blood sugar

12

 Tyrosine

Y
Tyr

-

N

 2 - phenylalanine --> tyrosine

thyroxin,
melanin

 B6

thyroid

* = These are Essential for infants, since
their bodies cannot produce them yet.

-


    Other Amino Acid Factors

-

 Carnitine

-
Car

-

-

 carnitine --> butyrobetaine -->

Lysine,
methionine

Vitamin C

fat metabolism

-

 Citrulline

-
Cit

-

-

 argenine --> citrulline --> ornithine

Ornithine

zinc

urea cycle

-

 Hydroxyproline

-
Hyp

-

-

 proline --> hydroxyproline

-

Vitamin C

collagen

-

 Ornithine

-
Orn

-

-

 argenine --> citrulline --> ornithine

-

-

urea cycle

-

 Taurine

-
Tau

-

-

 methionine --> cysteine --> taurine

GABA,
glycine

B6

heart, bile

              The above are precursors for, or important products of, the 20 "true" amino acids listed above.

20

100

30

30

30

30

120 - 600

100

60

80


top of page


Vaughn Aubuchon Author Bio

Vaughn's Summaries
©2003-2004, 2017 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved
Site Map

-

This Vaughns Amino Acids Summary
was last updated on 2017-10-27.