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Food Summaries
Amino Acids

Amino Acids Summary Table

by Vaughn Aubuchon

The following amino acid summary chart lists the 8 Essential amino acids, as well as the 12 Non-essential amino acids, along with amino acid symbol, amino acid abbreviation, acid or base, number of pathways, etc.

Other important amino acid precursors are also listed, plus their pathways.
.

-




 Essential
 Amino Acids

(Body CANNOT make these amino acids,
they must come from food or amino acid supplements.)

 Amino Acid
Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Aug-ments
1

 Isoleucine*

I
Ile
10
n

1- threonine
---> isoleucine

-

-

muscles

2

 Leucine*

L
Leu
14
n

1- keto-isovalerate
---> leucine

-

-

blood, muscle, hormone

3

 Lysine

K
Lys
12

B

2- asparate
---> lysine

-

calcium

herpes,
trigly-cerides

4

 Methionine

M
Met
13
n

7- homoserine
---> methionine

cysteine

selenium, zinc

hair, skin,
chelator

5

 Phenyl-
    alanine

F
Phe
14
n

3- chorismate
--> phenyl-alanine

tyrosine

B6

depression

6

 Threonine

T
Thr
7
N

3- aspartate
---> threonine

glycine,
serine

-

collagen,
tooth enamel

7

 Tryptophan

W
Trp
3.5
n

1- chorismate
---> tryptophan

niacin,
seratonin

-

depression

8

 Valine*

V
Val
10
n

1- pyruvate
---> valine

-

-

muscles

    Food Sources: Fish - meat - poultry - cottage cheese - peanuts - lentils
    A= acid, B= base, N= Neutral, n= non-polar
    *= BCAA, Branched-Chain Amino Acids, all important in muscle recovery

-


 Non-Essential
 Amino Acids

(The body CAN make these amino acids from the above essential amino acids.)

 Amino Acid
Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Aug-ments
1

 Alanine

A
Ala

-

n

4- valine pyruvate
---> alanine

-

-

-

2

 Arginine*

R
Arg

-

B

4- citrulline
---> arginine

polyamines, creatine

zinc (lysine)

immune, healing, muscles

3

 Asparagine

N
Asn

-

N

3- asparate and ammonia

-

-

CNS

4

 Aspartic Acid

D
Asp

-

A

3- glutamate
---> aspartate

-

-

CNS, brain

5

 Cysteine

C
Cys

-

N

4- serine
---> cysteine

homo-cysteine, taurine

B6, Vit.E

skin, hair

6

 Glutamic Acid

E
Glu

-

A

3- ketoglutarate
---> glutamate

glutamine,
GABA

B6

brain

7

 Glutamine

Q
Gln

-

N

2- glutamate
---> glutamine

-

-

brain

8

 Glycine

G
Gly

-

N

2- serine
---> glycine

glutathione

GABA, taurine

body protein

9

 Histidine*

H
His

-

B

1- histidinol
---> histidine

histamine

-

blood,
allergy, sex

10

 Proline

P
Pro

-

n

4- l-glutamine
---> proline

hydroxy-
proline

Vitamin C

collagen, elastin

11

 Serine

S
Ser

-

N

1- phospho-
glycerate
---> serine

cysteine,
glycine

choline

blood sugar

12

 Tyrosine

Y
Tyr

-

N

2- phenyl-alanine
---> tyrosine

thyroxin,
melanin

 B6

thyroid

* = These are Essential for infants, since
their bodies cannot produce them yet.

-


 Other Amino Acid Factors

-

 Carnitine

-
Car

-

-

carnitine --> butyro-betaine

Lysine,
methionine

Vitamin C

fat metab-olism

-

 Citrulline

-
Cit

-

-

argenine
--> citrulline
--> ornithine

Ornithine

zinc

urea cycle

-

 Hydroxy-
    proline

-
Hyp

-

-

proline --> hydroxy-proline

-

Vitamin C

collagen

-

 Ornithine

-
Orn

-

-

argenine -->
citrulline --> ornithine

-

-

urea cycle

-

 Taurine

-
Tau

-

-

methionine
---> cysteine
---> taurine

GABA,
glycine

B6

heart, bile

          The above are precursors for, or important products of,
          the 20 "true" amino acids listed above.

20

90

30

30

30

30

130 - 600

90

60

80


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This Vaughns Amino Acids Summary
was last updated on 2020-05-03.