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Religion Summaries

Religions Summary -
Compares Major Religions
by Vaughn Aubuchon

This major religion comparison table includes Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.

The chart below compares selected religion characteristics such as prophets, adherents, founders, origination date, deity names, afterlife, path to redemption, place of worship, holy book name, and main sects.

100

140


Summary of Major Religions Chart
(or, where were you born?)

Religion
Millions of Adherents

ONE God - The Monotheistic Religions
(Also called the "bloody" religions)

Many Gods
No God
Judaism
13
Christianity
1,955
Islam
1,126
Hinduism
793
Buddhism
325

Origination

Egypt - Israel
Israel - Rome
Arabia
India
India

When

586 B.C.
32 A.D.
622 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.

Prophets

Adam, Noah, Abraham
No prophets

Adherent

Jew
Christian
Moslem
Hindu
Buddhist

Founder

Abraham/ Moses
Jesus
Mohammed
Many
Siddhartha Gotama

God

Yahweh, Elohim
Christ, Jehovah
Allah
Many: Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva
none

Devil

No (adversary)
Devil, Satan
Satan
Iblis, Shaitan
Mara

This Life's Purpose

Now, plus test
Just a test
Just a test
One-of-many
This is it!

Afterlife

Eden, Gehenna
Heaven-Hell
Heaven-Hell
Reincarnation
Nirvana

Redemption

Prayer, Study
Confession
Repentance
Faith, Works
Pray 5 times/ day
Karma
Eliminate passions
Enlightenment
Eliminate passions

Place of Worship

Synagogue
Church
Mosque
Temple
Temple

Holy Book(s)

Tanakh (Torah),
Talmud
Bible
Quran plus
Sunna (sayings)
Bhagavad Gita
Tipitaka

Seeks Converts?

No
Yes
Yes
No
No

Main Sects
(worldwide est.)

8% Orthodox
34% Conservative
23% Reformed
35% Secular

52% Catholic
17% Protestant
19% Orthodox
 2% Anglican

83% Sunni
16% Shiite

70% Vaishnaites
25% Shiavites
  2% neo-Hindu

56% Mahayana
38% Hinayana
  6% Tantrayana

Labels - Criticism

Worldly
Up tight
Extremist

Backward
Is that it?

Characteristics

Judaism
Christianity
Islam*

Hinduism
.
Buddhism

Circumcision

Required
Abraham introduced
Traditional
Traditional
No
No

Capitol Punishment

Murder
Murder
Murder, Adultery
No
No

Kill for God

Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No

Race Equality

Chosen by God
Equal
Equal
4 Castes
Equal

Original Sin

No
Yes - Baptism
No
"saddled with past"
No

Alcohol

OK
No - Yes
No
No
No

Women's Status

Far Improved
Not Bad
Supressed**
Poor***
Ambivalent

Notes:
*
Although the majority of clitoridectomies in the world are performed on Muslim women in Africa, female circumcision is NOT a part of Islam. It is a cultural practice, and not a Muslim practice.

** Regarding the official status of women, read - QURAN 4:34 - "Men have authority over women because God has made the one superior to the other, and because they spend their wealth to maintain them. Good women are obedient. They guard their unseen parts because God has guarded them. As for those from whom you fear disobedience, admonish them and send them to beds apart and beat them. Then if they obey you, take no further action against them. Surely God is high, supreme." (Perhaps the modern interpretation is softer.)

*** Although India has outlawed the practice, it still occurs - Sati - The burning of the widow, when the husband dies.

Author's thoughts -
1. Geography determines most people's religion - not some divine revelation.
2. Stated another way, "You do what you are told".
3. You do not "get" religion, it is given to you. Your spirituality does not come from inside you, but rather, is thrust upon you, by your culture. Whatever religion you are, is not determined by rational deliberation and choice, but primarily by geographic location. In most cases, what you are, is determined by where you are from.

168 - 768

115

115

115

15

115

115

Below is the same religion comparison chart,
but in a graphic format (.GIF)


Religion Comparison Summary Chart

.
Main Religion Books Comparison

Religion

Sacred Book Name

Rough Equivalence


Judaism
Judaism
Judaism


Torah (Moses)
Hebrew Tanakh
Talmud


Pentateuch Books - 5
Old Testam. Books - 39

Talmud Tractates - 63


Catholic
Protestant


Rheims Bible
King James Bible


Books (46 + 27)
Books (39 + 27)


Islam
Hinduism
Buddhism


Qur'an (Koran)
Bhagavad Gita
Tipitaka


Koran Suras - 114
Bhag. G. Chapters - 18
Canonization

Books of the Bible Summary - The books and chapters of the Jewish Bible, the Catholic Bible, and the Protestant Bible compared.

90

150

210 - 450



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Vaughn's Other
RELIGION-Related Pages

* Angeles Temple

*
Books of the Bible

*
Christian Denominations

*
Religion Followers

*
Religions Summary

*
Seven Deadly Sins




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Vaughn Aubuchon
Vaughn's Summaries
©2003, 2004, 2005 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved

This Vaughns Major Religion Summary
page was last updated on 2014-10-03.