Vaughn's Summaries logo Vaughn's Summaries

Philosophy Summaries

Greatest Philosophers Summary
by Vaughn Aubuchon

The table below lists the 28 greatest philosophers of all time in chronological order. Dates of birth and death are given.

30

100

60

30

80

80

30

.
Philosophers - Summary of the Greatest

Born
Died

Last Name

First

.
Description

Classical

 

Sophism, Cynicism,
Epicureanism

1
469 BC
399 BC

SOCRATES

 

Founding father

2
428 BC
347 BC

PLATO

 

student of Socrates

3
384 BC
322 BC

ARISTOTLE

 

wide-ranging realistic philosopher

4
205
270

Plotinus

 

neo-platonism

5
354
430

Augustine

 

"church of pure belief"

Medieval

 

Scholasticism

6
1225
1274

Aquinas

Thomas

scholasticism

7
1596
1650

DESCARTES

Rene

"father of modern philosophy"- rationalism

8
1632
1677

Spinoza

Baruch de

rationalism

9
1588
1679

Hobbes

Thomas

 -

1632
1704

Locke

John

empiricist

Modern

 

Epistemology

10
1646
1716

von Leibniz

Gottfried

rationalism

11
1711
1776

Hume

David

empiricism, skepticism

12
1712
1778

Rousseau

Jean-Jacques

romanticism - revolt against rationalism

13
1724
1804

Kant

Immanuel

metaphysician

14
1770
1831

Hegel

Georg

idealism

15
1813
1855

Kierkegaard

Soren

beginning of existentialism

16
1798
1857

Comte

Auguste

logical positivism

17
1788
1860

Schopenhauer

Arthur

renunciation of desire

18
1806
1873

Mill

John Stuart

utilitarianism, empiricism

19
1818
1883

Marx

Karl

materialism

20
1825
1895

Huxley

Thomas

evolutionism

21
1844
1900

NIETZSCHE

Friedrich

superman

22
1820
1903

Spencer

Herbert

evolutionism, positivism

23
1842
1910

James

William

pragmatism, the religious experience

24
1839
1914

Peirce

Charles

originated concept of pragmatism

25
1859
1938

Husserl

Edmund

phenomenology

26
1853
1952

Santayana

George

animal faith

27
1883
1969

Jaspers

Karl

existentialism

28
1872
1970

Russell

Bertrand

ethical relativism

29
1889
1976

Heidegger

Martin

existentialism

30
1905
1980

Sartre

John Paul

existentialism

aesthetics -

nature of beauty

epistemology -

nature of knowledge - rationalism, empiricism, pragmatism

ethics -

problems of right conduct

logic -

laws of valid reasoning

metaphysics -

nature of the universe - idealism, materialism, dualism

30

60

60

100

80

290 - 620


top of page

Tags: top philosophers


Vaughn's Summaries
©2003, 2004, 2011 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved

This Vaughns Summary of Greatest Philosophers
was last updated on 2013-11-15.