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Medical Summaries
Diseases

STD Information Chart
Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases
by Vaughn Aubuchon

Here is a summary chart of human venereal diseases, listed by seriousness.

Along with a description of each disease, the means by which the diseases spread are listed. The symptoms of each STD are listed, in addition to common complications and available treatments.

300

140

Incurable STDs

1. AIDs ..................(virus)
2. Genital Herpes .. (virus)
3. Genital Warts .... (virus)
4. Hepatitis B ........ (virus)
    Super Gonorrhea (soon)

Curable STDs

5. Chlamydia .... (bacterium)
6. Genital Lice .. (parasite)
7. Gonorrhea ..... (bacterium)
8. Scabies .......... (parasite)
9. Syphilis ......... (bacterium)
10. Trichomoniasis (parasite)

200

260 - 450



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Incurable STDs

STD DESCRIPTION & RISK
High Risk in RED
Lower Risk in Black
STD SYMPTOM
COMPLICATIONS
and
TREATMENT

1. AIDS Information

Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus
Caused by the HIV virus that invades the immune system, resulting in "well carriers" to severe and fatal disorders.

Spread:
Contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids mainly by unprotected sex and needle sharing and maternal transfer.
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected oral sex
- injection of tainted blood
- injection by needle-sharing
- sharing objects and infected fluids
- maternal blood to fetus


HIV Stage (1* - 14 years)
Human ImmunodeficienctyVirus

- Flu-like symptoms may occur early or late

- Most look and feel well for years

- Infectious carrier

- Skin & lung infections common in later years

- HIV = antibody test indicates infection

- 25% of infants born to HIV
mothers will be infected


Complications:
- HIV progresses to AIDS Stage
(2 - 5 years)
- Immune system destroyed

- AIDS defining illnesses fatal
(pneumonia, cancer, dementia,
wasting, cancer of the cervix)

Treatment:
- Yes - early treatment is best

Cure - No

2. GENITAL HERPES (HSV)

Caused by a Herpes Simplex Virus with ulcerating blisters occurring on the genitals or anal area. May be spread to the mouth.

Spread:
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected oral sex
- direct touch skin-to-skin


- Many people feel fatigued, and have a fever.

- Painful blisters itch, redden the skin, form into groups and ulcerate.

- Ulcers crust and may heal with scarring


Complications:
- The virus hides in nerve endings and reoccurs

Treatment:
- Yes (Acyclovir - no cure)

Cure - No

3. GENITAL WARTS (HPV)

Caused by Human Papilloma Virus and occurs often on or in the genitals and anus. Genital warts are associated with cancer.

Spread:
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected oral sex


- Soft, moist, pink growths on the penis, around anus, and on or in the female genitals

- May become stalked like a cauliflower


Complications:
- Invasive cervical cancer and bladder cancers
- Infected women must have yearly PAP tests
- May be passed to infants

Treatment:
- Yes (cauterization, surgery, medical)

Cure - No

4. HEPATITIS B Information

Caused by a virus that invades the liver.
100 times more infectious than HIV.
This STD can be prevented by vaccine.

Spread:
- injected blood
- injected drugs (sharing needles)
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected oral sex
- maternal blood to newborns
- sharing items with blood (i.e. razors, toothbrushes, instruments)


- Sudden flu-like illness with fatigue, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, fever

- Dark urine and jaundice

10% of carriers can spread the disease


Complications:
- Liver disease and failure
- Cancer of the liver
- Death

Treatment:
- Yes (rest, personal hygiene)

Cure
- No
(Preventative vaccine available)
Approx. 90% of cases cure themselves, with no ill effects

Approx. 10% will become chronic carriers, and will require medication

260 - 700

220

220


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Curable STDs

STD DESCRIPTION & RISK
High Risk in RED
Lower Risk in Black
STD SYMPTOM
COMPLICATIONS
and
TREATMENT

5. CHLAMYDIA Information

Caused by a bacteria that commonly infects the genitals, anus and throat. The most common STD.

Spread:
Through contact with infected semen and vaginal fluids
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected oral sex


Most women show NO symptoms. Some may have slight vaginal discharge, pain on urination, pain during sex; frequent urination.

Most men show symptoms. Discharge or itchy feeling in the penis; mild pain on urination; infection of anus or throat.


Complications:
Women - if untreated:
- Infertility; infected cervix; pelvic pain; pelvic inflammatory disease; ectopic pregnancy, arthritis.
- Infants can get pneumonia or become blind.

Men - if untreated:
- Infertility; arthritis; eye infections; urinary infections.

Treatment:
- Yes (antibiotics)

Cure - Yes

6. GENITAL LICE (CRABS)

Caused by the genital parasite "crab louse", which transfers from the genital hair of one partner to the other, and lays eggs at the base of the hair, which hatch in 5 - 10 days.

Spread:
- vaginal sex, protected or not
- direct touch skin-to-skin


- Intense itching in the genital hair area.

- Produce small red bumps


Complications:
- Social embarrassment (if infected, highly discussed)

Treatment:
- Yes (special soap - Quell)

Cure - Yes

7. GONORRHEA Info

Caused by bacteria that commonly infects the genitals, anus and throat.

Spread:
by infected semen and vaginal fluids

- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected oral sex


- Most women show NO symptoms or some vaginal discharge, pain on urination, frequency

Men usually notice thick yellow-green discharge from the penis, pain on urinating, pain in penis.

Men and women if infected in the rectum have pain, bleeding and discharge. Sore throats if the throat is infected.


Complications:
Women:
- sterility; pelvic inflammatory disease
Men:
- sterility, swollen testes
- urinary infections
Men and women may have heart, brain and liver infections, arthritis

Treatment:
- Yes (antibiotics)

Cure - Yes for now, although some strains are becoming super-resistant

8. SCABIES Information

Caused by parasitic female mites which burrow under the skin to lay their eggs, causing skin irritation.

Spread:
- close touch .. skin to skin
- shared personal items


- Intense itching at night

- Small red bumps and rashes develop 4 - 6 weeks after contact anywhere on the skin except head and neck


Complications:
- Aesthetic

Treatment:
- Yes (special lotions or sprays for all infected partners and roommates at the same time -personal clothing and linens should be washed, dry-cleaned or sealed in a plastic bag and placed in a freezer for 3 days).

Cure - Yes

9. SYPHILIS Information

Caused by the Treponema Pallidum bacterium which develop a staged disease over years.
Highly contagious, but cannot survive outside the body. Affects the skin and any organ.

Spread:
By contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or pus.
- mother to unborn
- direct touch
- close body contact
- unprotected anal sex
- unprotected vaginal sex
- unprotected oral sex

- kissing
- injecting blood (needle sharing)


Early stages shows painless sores, swollen glands and skin rashes. Sores may be inside the vagina or anus and go unnoticed.

Stage 2. Rashes, new sores, flu-like symptoms, swollen glands, brain infection


Complications:
- Skin, bone, heart disease
- Brain disease
- Dementia
- Blindness if left untreated

Treatment:
- Yes (antibiotics)

Sex contacts must be examined

Cure - Yes (with treatment)

10. TRICHOMONIASIS Info

Caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas Vaginalis. Vagina most common site in women, and the urethra in men.

Spread:
- unprotected vaginal sex


- Itching, burning
- Irritation inside the penis

- Vaginal or vulval redness
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Frequent and/or painful urination

- Discomfort during intercourse
- Abdominal pain.


Complications:
- Premature delivery
- Increased HIV susceptibility

Treatment:
- Yes (antibiotics)

Cure - Yes (with treatment)

260 - 700

220

220

Disclaimer
The author is not a doctor.
NO MEDICAL ADVICE IS OFFERED OR IMPLIED.
Statements on this page may NOT be correct. The sole purpose of this page is to encourage further research on your part.
I hope that you have found this STD information page helpful.
The chart was inspired, and begun from a University of Michigan table.
Thank you very much for your time.

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Vaughn Aubuchon
Vaughn's Summaries
©2007-2013 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved

This Vaughns STD Information Summary
Chart was last updated on 2014-09-14.