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Language Summaries
World Languages

European Languages
Tree Chart

by Vaughn Aubuchon

Here is a chart showing the Indo-European languages in a tree format. Roughly, the languages are shown from West to East.

Click to enlarge the graphic

Indo-European Languages Chart
.

Indo-European Languages Tree
(Languages shown in parentheses are extinct.)
The numbers in parentheses indicate the rank of each language, in terms of the number of current worldwide speakers.

-

Celtic

(Gaulish)

(Goidelic)

(Old Irish)

(Middle Irish)

(Manx)

Irish

Scots Gaelic

(Brythonic)

(Cornish)

Welsh

Breton

-

Germanic

W. Germanic

Anglo-Frisian

(Old English)

(Middle English)

English (4)

(Old Frisian)

Frisian

German (10)

Low German

(Old Saxon)

Plattdeutsch

(O.L.Franconian)

Dutch

Flemish

S.A. Dutch

High German

Alemannic

Alsacian

Bavarian

Franconian

German

P. Dutch

Swiss

Yiddish

-

N. Germanic

O.W. Norse

Icelandic

Farcese

Norwegian

O.E. Norse

Norwegian

Danish

Swedish

E. Germanic

-

Italic

(Oscan)

(Umbrian)

(Latin)

Catalan

French (11)

Italian

Portuguese(7)

Provencal

Romanian

Spanish (3)

-

Slavonic

W. Slavic

Czech

Polish

Slovak

Sorbian

S. Slavic

Bulgarian

Serb-Croatian

Slovene

E. Slavic

Russian (8)

Ukrainian

-

Albanian

-

Greek

Armenian

Baltic

Lithuanian

Lettish

(Hittite)

-

Indo-Iranian

Iranian

(Avestan)

Pashto

(Old Persian)

Baluchi

Kurdish

Ossetic

Persian

(Scythian)

Indic

(Sanskrit)

(Prakrit)

(Pali)

Bengali (5)

Bihari

Bhili

Gujarati

Hindi (2)

Marathi

Pahari

Panjabi (14)

Rajasthani

Sindhi

Urdu (13)

-

The languages below are not Indo-European,
but they are the other most spoken languages on Earth,
with number of speakers rank. Mandarin is spoken
by more people than any other language.

Not shown:

Mandarin (1)

Arabic (6)

Japanese (9)

Malay (12)

Korean (15)



Summary of Languages -
Number of speakers of
the
64 Major Languages on earth.
.

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This Vaughns Indo-European Languages
Tree chart was last updated on 2015-09-15.