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Food Summaries
Amino Acids

Amino Acids Summary Table
by Vaughn Aubuchon

The following amino acid summary chart lists the 8 Essential amino acids, as well as the 12 Non-essential amino acids, along with amino acid symbol, amino acid abbreviation, acid or base, number of pathways, etc.

Other important amino acid precursors are also listed, plus their pathways.

30

100

60

30

80

80

30


    Essential Amino Acids

(Body cannot make these amino acids,
they must come from food or amino acid supplements.)

 Amino Acid

Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Augments
1

 Isoleucine*

I
Ile
10
n

 1 - threonine --> isoleucine

-

-

muscles

2

 Leucine*

L
Leu
14
n

 1 - keto-isovalerate --> leucine

-

-

blood, muscle, hormone

3

 Lysine

K
Lys
12

B

 2 - asparate --> lysine

-

calcium

herpes,
triglycerides

4

 Methionine

M
Met
13
n

 7 - homoserine --> methionine

cysteine

selenium, zinc

hair, skin,
chelator

5

 Phenylalanine

F
Phe
14
n

 3 - chorismate --> phenylalanine

tyrosine

B6

depression

6

 Threonine

T
Thr
7
N

 3 - aspartate --> threonine

glycine,
serine

-

collagen,
tooth enamel

7

 Tryptophan

W
Trp
3.5
n

 1 - chorismate --> tryptophan

niacin,
seratonin

-

depression

8

 Valine*

V
Val
10
n

 1 - pyruvate --> valine

-

-

muscles

          Food Sources: Fish - meat - poultry - cottage cheese - peanuts - lentils
          A= acid, B= base, N= Neutral, n= non-polar
          *= BCAA, Branched-Chain Amino Acids, all important in muscle recovery

-


    
Non-Essential
    Amino Acids

(The body can make these amino acids from the above essential amino acids.)

 Amino Acid

Sym.
Abbr
Min.
Daily
mg
.
Acid
Base
Neu
.

 # of pathways - One Pathway

Generates
Works With
(Against)
Augments
1

 Alanine

A
Ala

-

n

 4 - valine pyruvate --> alanine

-

-

-

2

 Arginine*

R
Arg

-

B

 4 - citrulline --> arginine

polyamines, creatine

zinc (lysine)

immune, healing, muscles

3

 Asparagine

N
Asn

-

N

 3 - asparate and ammonia

-

-

CNS

4

 Aspartic Acid

D
Asp

-

A

 3 - glutamate --> aspartate

-

-

CNS, brain

5

 Cysteine

C
Cys

-

N

 4 - serine --> cysteine

homocysteine, taurine

B6, Vit.E

skin, hair

6

 Glutamic Acid

E
Glu

-

A

 3 - ketoglutarate --> glutamate

glutamine,
GABA

B6

brain

7

 Glutamine

Q
Gln

-

N

 2 - glutamate --> glutamine

-

-

brain

8

 Glycine

G
Gly

-

N

 2 - serine --> glycine

glutathione

GABA, taurine

body protein

9

 Histidine*

H
His

-

B

 1 - histidinol --> histidine

histamine

-

blood,
allergy, sex

10

 Proline

P
Pro

-

n

 4 - l-glutamine --> proline

hydroxyproline

Vitamin C

collagen, elastin

11

 Serine

S
Ser

-

N

 1 - phosphoglycerate --> serine

cysteine,
glycine

choline

blood sugar

12

 Tyrosine

Y
Tyr

-

N

 2 - phenylalanine --> tyrosine

thyroxin,
melanin

 B6

thyroid

              * = These are Essential for infants, since their bodies cannot produce them yet.

-


    Other Amino Acid Factors

-

 Carnitine

-
Car

-

-

 carnitine --> butyrobetaine -->

Lysine,
methionine

Vitamin C

fat metabolism

-

 Citrulline

-
Cit

-

-

 argenine --> citrulline --> ornithine

Ornithine

zinc

urea cycle

-

 Hydroxyproline

-
Hyp

-

-

 proline --> hydroxyproline

-

Vitamin C

collagen

-

 Ornithine

-
Orn

-

-

 argenine --> citrulline --> ornithine

-

-

urea cycle

-

 Taurine

-
Tau

-

-

 methionine --> cysteine --> taurine

GABA,
glycine

B6

heart, bile

              The above are precursors for, or important products of, the 20 "true" amino acids listed above.

20

100

30

30

30

30

120 - 600

100

60

80


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Vaughn's Summaries
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This Vaughns Amino Acids Summary web page
was last updated on 2014-05-31.