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Biology Summaries
Human Chemistry

Periodic Chart of HUMAN Elements
and the Need in Human Nutrition
by Vaughn Aubuchon

-

The following periodic chart summarizes the elements of the periodic table, in terms of human composition, and human toxicity. The lesser elements are often referred to as minerals, when referring to human nutrition and health.

Several minerals are required by the human body for proper nutrition. Food supplements may be required to ensure that you are receiving all the nutritional minerals that you need. Major liquid mineral supplements which may be required are calcium, phosphorus, and potassium supplements. Trace mineral supplements often include magnesium, iron, zinc, and selenium supplements.

Yellow Boxes = Top 5 Elements present in the human body
Green Boxes = Second 5 Top Elements present in the human body
Blue Boxes   = Trace elements that are required by the human body
Violet Boxes = Elements that are deleterious to the human body.

30

100

60

30

80

80

30

Periodic Table - Required Human Elements
.
Element Prevalence
in the Human Body,
(listed by Percentage)

Notes - Commentary

1
2
3
4
5


6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15

16
17
18
19
20

Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Calcium


Phosphorus
Potassium
Sulfur
Sodium
Chlorine


Magnesium
Iron
Fluorine
Zinc
Silicon


Rubidium
Strontium

Bromine
Lead
Copper


Alpha Order

Boron
Bromine
Cobalt
Selenium
Vanadium

65.0 %
18.5 %
  9.5 %
  3.3 %
  1.5 %


  1.0 %
  1.0 %
  0.3 %
  0.3 %
  0.2 %


   0.05 %
   0.01 %
< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %

< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %
< 0.01 %

Humans are composed primarily of the lighter elements in Rows 1-4. The human friendly elements seem to form a shallow U-shaped pattern, with the notable exceptions of 4-Beryllium, 13-Aluminum, and 33-Arsenic.

Too much of any metal, such as 28-
Nickel, 29-Copper or 30-Zinc, can be toxic to humans. The heaviest element that we actually need is 53-Iodine.

Directly below the "U-shape" bottom in Row 5 is 43-Technetium (always radioactive, no stable isotope), and 48-Cadmium (toxic metal).

Every element beyond 83-bismuth is radioactive (has no stable isotope), and is therefore toxic. Interestingly, bismuth has more isotopes than any other element (60).

What are the least important elements to humans, or the elements that least effect the body? My layman's guess is the noble gasses - Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton and Xenon. They are, by definition, inert.

The blue and black elements on the left are frequently called minerals, when talking about their role in human health.

The most radioactive element in the human body is
Potassium-40. This, plus Carbon-14, provide the vast majority of human body internal radiation events.

40

110

80

370 - 600


Disclaimer
I was wondering just what a periodic table would look like with the human-important elements highlighted, so I made this chart.

I am an editor and summary maker, not a biological chemist. Some of the above information may be incorrect. Use it as a reference point for your further research. With further reading, you can decide for yourself just what elements are beneficial to you.

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Vaughn Aubuchon
Vaughn's Summaries
©2006 Vaughn Aubuchon
www.vaughns-1-pagers.com
All Rights Reserved
This Vaughns Human Elements and Minerals Table
was last updated on 2014-08-14.